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Tania Burchardt to become Director of CASE
from September 2016

 

After over 18 years in the role, John Hills will be stepping-down as Director of CASE from mid-September, reflecting the increasing demands on his time as Co-Director of the recently established LSE International Inequalities Institute.

 

Tania Burchardt, currently Deputy Director will become Director of CASE.  Tania will be supported by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart and Polly Vizard as Associate Directors, while Anne Power will continue to direct the LSE Housing and Communities Group. 

 

CASE colleagues are delighted that John will continue to be involved in an advisory function as Chair of CASE and through continuing research as part of the centre.


News Posted: 08 July 2016      [Back to the Top]

Three new major evidence reviews for the
European Commission are now available

 

Over the last year or so we have been conducting three major evidence reviews for the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.  We were given the opportunity to present findings to the EU’s Social Protection Committee, the European Social Policy Network and at a half-day seminar at the European Commission.  We are pleased to inform you that these evidence reviews have just been published by the Commission and are free to download.

Evidence review - Creating More Equal Societies: What Works?

 by Abigail McKnight, Magali Duque and Mark Rucci


The aim of
this review is to assess the effectiveness of education, wage setting institutions and welfare states in reducing inequality. Education both empowers people and provides them with tradeable skills to secure a decent income – greater equality in individuals’ ability to generate income in the labour market is key to producing more equitable outcomes.

Evidence shows that imbalances in power result in some workers being underpaid while others are overpaid. Collective wage bargaining and minimum wages have proved to be successful in reducing wage inequality.

Curbs on the power of top executives, power which has allowed them to take an increasing share of the wagebill to the detriment of other workers and form a politically powerful elite, need further development.

Welfare states need to evolve to meet the challenges of ‘new inequalities’ and changing employment landscapes, but are essential now and will continue to be essential in the future to help individuals redistribute income over their own lives as well as between the rich and poor.

 

Evidence review - Low pay and in-work poverty: preventative measures and preventative approaches

 

by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart, Sam Mohun Himmelweit and Marco Palillo

 

The evidence presented in this review highlights the benefits of preventing individuals entering low paid work as they can become trapped in low paid jobs or end up cycle between unemployment and precarious, low quality work. In countries where collective wage bargaining institutions declined or even disappeared in the latter part of the 20th Century, governments have been forced to piece together a number of policies to replace the role they played in creating wage floors and reducing inequality. These include minimum wages and (costly) in-work benefits. Reducing the incidence of low pay also has the benefit of reducing in-work poverty. 

However, the review emphasises that an effective anti-poverty strategy requires a portfolio of additional measures as well – not all low paid workers are living in poor households and not all workers living in poor households are low paid.  These additional measures include improving job stability and quality, increasing maternal employment and encouraging greater sharing of paid and unpaid work within the household, and – crucially – supporting families with children through universal child benefits and/or tax credits to lower earning households. The role of the latter is particularly important, both because of the higher incidence of in-work poverty in households with children, and because of the long-term consequences of growing up in poverty for children’s lives and opportunities.

 

Evidence review - The Strength of the Link between Income Support and Activation

 

by Abigail McKnight and Arnaud Vaganay


The
integration of the administration of income support claims and public employment services in many countries has had a number of benefits which include cost savings, reinforcement of the link between benefit receipt and the need to find work, and easier access to labour market programmes. 

The effectiveness of linking activation with income support receipt depends on the suitability of the activation programme.  The review concludes that in the short-term activation programmes that ‘push’ jobseekers into work may appear to be more effective than programmes that invest in the employability of jobseekers.

However, in the longer term there is a greater tendency for jobseekers pushed to take the first available job to cycle between unemployment and precarious forms of employment while programmes that seek to improve the job match and enhance the skills of jobseekers result in better longer term employment outcomes.
News Posted: 01 July 2016      [Back to the Top]

Latest in the series of blogs for Trust for London
Inequalities and disadvantage in London – focus on ethnicity

The new London Mayor Sadiq Khan was elected in May on a platform of fairness, with commitments to a more equal London, the creation of a new economic fairness unit within the GLA and tackling low pay. In this latest blog we look at disparities in key economic outcomes (unemployment, youth unemployment, low pay, income and wealth) in London by ethnic group.

The findings are drawn from our comprehensive report on inequality and disadvantage in London published last year, The Changing Anatomy of Economic Inequality in London (2007-2013). The report provided a detailed picture of what happened to different population groups in London in the wake of the crisis and downturn. In a series of blogs we are expanding that analysis by ‘drilling down’ into different aspects of inequality in London.

Other blogs in this series:

What happened to inequality in London following the crisis and downturn?

Inequalities and disadvantage in London – focus on Disability

Inequalities and disadvantage in London: focus on Religion and Belief


News Posted: 22 June 2016      [Back to the Top]

LSE Housing and Communities Book Launch
Cities for a Small Continent: International Handbook of City Recovery by Professor Anne Power

LSE Housing and Communities, with support from La Fabrique de la Cité invites you to the launch of Anne Power's latest publication 'Cities for a Small Continent'. This book draws together 10 years of ground-level research into the ways Europe's ex-industrial cities are treading new paths in sustainability. Anne Power uses seven case-study cities to detail how and why city change happens, and how cities in the world's smallest, most crowded, most city-loving continent can build a more viable, balanced and sustainable urban future.

To purchase a copy of Cities for a Small Continent, please visit the Policy Press website

Listen to the podcast:


Chaired by Professor Ricky Burdett, this event will explore the causes and consequences of urban challenges in post-industrial European cities and the potential that their model offers in creating more sustainable cities. Bruce Katz of the Brookings Institution will situate this study in a US-context whilst Anne Power will set out the European perspective. Speakers confirmed are:
  • Professor Ricky Burdett, LSE Cities
  • Professor Anne Power, LSE Housing and Communities and Professor of Social Policy
  • Bruce Katz, Centennial Scholar at the Brookings Institution
Cities for a Small Continent will be available to buy at the event. There will also be an opportunity to have your book signed by Anne Power and Bruce Katz.

The event is free but booking is essential. Please RSVP to lsehousingandcommunities@lse.ac.uk to register your interest.

Old Theatre, Old Building, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 3PH

LSE Housing Special Event

News Posted: 24 May 2016      [Back to the Top]