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LSE Housing and Communities Research
Sustainable Homes Blog: High Rise Hope Revisited

In October 2014, LSE Housing & Communities carried out a detailed study of the Edward Woods High Rise estate in Hammersmith & Fulham to find out how major retrofit of tower blocks affected the community. The report provoked a lot of interest and estate retrofits elsewhere - now Sustainable Homes have blogged about the report here.

News Posted: 28 July 2015      [Back to the Top]

Panos Mavrokonstantis receives prize for paper on Inequality

The Luxembourg Institute of Socio-economic Research (formerly CEPS/INSTEAD) has awarded Panos Mavrokonstantis the third prize for "best paper on inequality" for his work "Modern Family: Female Breadwinners and the Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms". The prize was awarded to young researchers presenting at 6th meeting of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality (ECINEQ) that took place at the University of Luxembourg on July 13-15. 

His paper examins the intergenerational transmission of gender norms in England such as the traditional view that it is the role of the mother to look after young children and the role of the father to be the breadwinner. The study revealed that "while boys raised in modern families (i.e. where the mother is the breadwinner) are less likely to develop traditional norms, girls raised in modern families are actually more likely to do so; in opposition to their family's but in line with society's norm". Using a model of gender identity formation, he shows that the findings can be explained by heterogeneity in preferences for conforming to family norms. 



News Posted: 17 July 2015      [Back to the Top]

Downward mobility, opportunity hoarding and the 'glass floor'
Abigail McKnight's new report for the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission

new report Downward mobility, opportunity hoarding and the ‘glass floor by Abigail McKnight has been published by the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission. It examines the evidence for a cohort of British children born in 1970 in terms of the relationship between family background, childhood cognitive skills and adult success in the labour market. In particular it considers the role of parents’ education, later childhood performance in reading and maths, social and emotional skills in childhood, type of secondary school attended and whether or not individuals go on to attain a degree.

The research finds that, on average, children from lower income families or those with less advantaged social class backgrounds do not perform as well in a series of cognitive tests taken at age 5 as children from higher income families or those from advantaged social class backgrounds. Children from more advantaged family backgrounds are more likely to have high earnings in later adult life and are more likely to be in a “top job”. This is not simply due to different levels of cognitive ability as it holds within attainment groups as well as over the complete distribution. Analysis is focused on a group of initially high attaining children and a group of initially low attaining children and follows their progress through to labour market outcomes at age 42.

The research identifies a number of factors that account for the fact that children from more affluent family backgrounds are more likely to be highly successful in the labour market as adults:  highly educated parents; higher maths skills age 10; stronger social and emotional skills age 10; greater likelihood of attending a Grammar or a Private secondary school; more likely to attain a degree level qualification.  The hoarding of opportunities by better-off families is likely to contribute to the reduced success of initially high attaining children from less advantaged families converting early potential into later labour market success.

Richard Reeves of the Brookings Institute, whose own research focusing on American social mobility has been influential, has written an interesting blog about this report.

As part of our Social Policy in a Cold Climate programme (SPCC) we have produced a summary of recent research on social mobility and education attainment based on research by Jo Blanden, Claire Crawford, Ellen Greaves, Paul Gregg, Lindsey Macmillan, Abigail McKnight, Luke Sibieta and Anna Vignoles.

A new working paper in this theme from the SPCC programme is now available: When and Why do Initially High Attaining Poor Children Fall Behind? by Claire Crawford, Lindsey Macmillan and Anna Vignoles.

More research on this theme is forthcoming in Autumn 2015. If you’d like to receive email updates sign up here.

News Posted: 17 July 2015      [Back to the Top]

Honour for STICERD's Director
Oriana Bandiera elected Fellow of the British Academy

Professor Oriana Bandiera, director of STICERD, has today been elected Fellow of the British Academy. She joins a list of 42 highly distinguished UK academics from 18 universities, taking the total number of living Fellows to over one thousand for the first time. This year seven LSE academics, including LSE's Director Craigh Calhoun, have received the honour. 

At its Annual General Meeting (16 July 2015), the Academy welcomed the new Fellows whose research areas span the full range of the subject areas across the humanities and social sciences, from history to psychology, economics to law, literature to philosophy and languages to archaeology.

 Professor Bandiera said “The Academy plays a key role in bridging research excellence and policy discourse, while strengthening both in the process. I am thrilled to be able to contribute to its endeavours.”

Lord Stern, President of the British Academy, said: “This year we have the honour of once again welcoming the finest researchers and scholars into our Fellowship. Elected from across the UK and world for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences, they represent an unrivalled resource of expertise and knowledge. Our Fellows play a vital role in the work of the Academy; encouraging younger researchers, engaging in public discussion of the great issues and ideas of our time, and contributing to policy reports. Their collective work and expertise are testament to why research in the humanities and social sciences is vital for our understanding of the world and humanity.”

Each year, the British Academy elects to its Fellowship outstanding UK-based scholars who have achieved distinction in any branch of the humanities and social sciences. Others based overseas can also be elected as Corresponding Fellows, and, in addition, the Academy can elect Honorary Fellows.

A full list of all the elected fellows can be found in the British Academy website.

News Posted: 16 July 2015      [Back to the Top]