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Abstract:

Development Economics Paper
Land Reform, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Evidence from India
Timothy Besley and Robin Burgess
October 1998
Paper No' DEDPS 13:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: land reform; political economy; poverty; growth; india

In recent times there has been a renewed interest in relationships between redistribution, growth and welfare. Land reforms have been central to strategies to improve the asset base of the poor in developing countries though their effectiveness has been hindered by political constraints on implementation. In this paper we use panel data on the sixteen main Indian states from 1958 to 1992 to consider whether the large volume of land reforms as have been legislated have had an appreciable impact on growth and poverty. The evidence presented suggests that land reforms do appear to be associated with poverty reduction.