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Abstract:

Development Economics Paper
Decentralization's Effects on Educational Outcomes in Bolivia and Colombia
Jean-Paul Faguet and Fabio Sanchez
March 2006
Paper No' DEDPS 47:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: decentralization; education; public investment; bolivia; colombia; local government

The effects of decentralization on public sector outputs is much debated but little agreed upon. This paper compares the remarkable case of Bolivia with the more complex case of Colombia to explore decentralization’s effects on public education outcomes. In Colombia, decentralization of education finance improved enrollment rates in public schools. In Bolivia, decentralization made government more responsive by re-directing public investment to areas of greatest need. In both countries, investment shifted from infrastructure to primary social services. In both, it was the behavior of smaller, poorer, more rural municipalities that drove these changes.

This paper has been published as:
World Development (Vol. 36, No. 7) July, 2008