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Abstract for:

Disability and Disadvantage: Selection, onset and duration effects

Stephen P Jenkins,  John A. Rigg,  November 2003
Paper No' CASE 074: Full paper (pdf)
Tags: employment and income; employment and the labour market; poverty, exclusion and equalities; disability; health and social care; social care; disability; selection; disadvantage; work; employment

Abstract:

This paper analyses the economic disadvantage experienced by disabled persons of working-age using data from the British Household Panel Survey. We argue that there are three sources of disadvantage among disabled persons: pre-existing disadvantage among those who become disabled (a ┐selection┐ effect), the effect of disability onset itself, and the effects associated with remaining disabled post-onset. We show that employment rates fall with disability onset, and continue to fall the longer a disability spell lasts, whereas average income falls sharply with onset but then recovers subsequently (though not to pre-onset levels).