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Abstract for:

Urban Social Exclusion in Transitional China

Bingqin Li,  March 2004
Paper No' CASE 082: Full paper (pdf)
Tags: poverty, exclusion and equalities; poverty and social exclusion; housing, neighbourhoods and environment; neighbourhoods and communities; regions and area inequalities; cities; area inequalities; social exclusion; urban china; rural to urban migrants


This paper demonstrates that urban social exclusion in China does not only include restricted participation by the ┐underclass┐ in urban life, but also the deprivation of certain political, social and economic rights. In addition, the paper describes how the character of urban social exclusion has changed over time. The author also examines the social exclusion of rural workers living and working in urban areas. The paper concludes by arguing that urban social exclusion in China needs coordinated reforms that target the whole set of problems in the urban ┐underclass┐ lacking political rights, social protection and economic opportunities.