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Abstract for:

Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China

Bingqin Li,  David Piachaud,  November 2004
Paper No' CASE 087: Full paper (pdf)

Summary:
The paper examines three phases of development since the foundation of the People’s Republic during the period 1949 to 2004. An alternative strategy of a model of social development based on the livelihood approach is analysed and its potential to reduce poverty and inequality are considered.


Tags: employment and income; employment and the labour market; wealth and social mobility; wealth and assets; poverty, exclusion and equalities; poverty and social exclusion; housing, neighbourhoods and environment; housing; neighbourhoods and communities; poverty; inequality; social policy; china; livelihoods; social development

Abstract:

Despite prolonged economic growth, poverty has become a more notable and noted feature of Chinese society. The paper examines three phases of development since the foundation of the People’s Republic: the central planning era (1949 –1978); the pro-urban growth model (1978 – 1999); and more recent changes (1999 – 2004). For each phase the nature of the economic and social policies are described and the effects on poverty and inequality are examined. The limitations of a social policy that is subservient to the economic strategy are considered. The alternative of a model of social development based on the livelihood approach is analysed and its potential to reduce poverty and inequality are considered.