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Maria, aged 22, lives with her parents. She is an unemployed lone parent, with a 2 year old daughter Carmen. Maria puts all of her social assistance benefit to help towards paying the household rent. Her parents, both of whom are working, pay for food and bills, and occasionally help out by buying clothes and toys for Carmen. Using conventional poverty measures, no members of the family are deemed to be poor, because the assumption is made that all incomes are pooled and all members of the household benefit equally from the pool. But in practice, not all of the income of Maria’s parents is entered into the common pool, and it is possible that Maria and/or Carmen are in fact poor. This project will investigate complex households such as Maria’s and consider whether making more realistic assumptions about pooling and sharing result in different people being identified as poor.