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Employment, welfare and exclusion

Led by: Tania Burchardt and Abigail McKnight.

Research Team: Francesca Bastagli, Sabine Bernabe, Francesca Borgonovi, Martin Evans, John Hills, Shireen Kanji, Eleni Karagiannaki, Ceema Namazie, Gerry Mitchell-Smith, John Rigg, Tom Sefton, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel and Asghar Zaidi.

The labour market cuts across our different concerns, from the identification of people's role in productive activity as a key dimension of inclusion, to the role of employment and earnings in income dynamics and area polarisation, as well as the importance placed on promoting work in current policies. Our research in this area covers welfare to work, welfare at work and welfare beyond work.

Welfare to work: we are continuing our research on the evaluation of welfare to work initiatives, particularly focusing on those which have the greatest impact on the most disadvantaged groups such as young people on the voluntary sector option of NDYP. Jobcentre Plus has transformed the environment for the delivery of welfare to work programmes for people of working age but the benefits for non-jobseekers are less clear: we are analysing Jobcentre Plus performance data to examine the effects. A project new in 2005 is looking at mothers returning to work after taking time out to look after young children.

Welfare at work: we have undertaken a considerable amount or research on the dynamics of low wage employment and this is being extended further through analysis of the Lifetime Labour Market Database. We are also looking at the role of the welfare state where low pay overlaps with low income. In an innovative project we are following a sample of low income families over the course of a year to examine week to week income flows to assess short-term income variability and the functioning of the benefit and tax credit systems.

Welfare beyond work: we have a joint programme of work with LSE Health and Social Care examining the two-way relationships between mental illness and social exclusion. We also have a developing interest in the incomes, consumption patterns and health of older people.

Associated CASEpapers: CASEpaper 56, CASEpaper 62, CASEpaper 68, CASEpaper 69, CASEpaper 71, CASEpaper 80, CASEpaper 92, CASEpaper 93, CASEpaper 97,CASEpaper 103, CASEpaper 104, CASEpaper 107, CASEpaper 110, CASEpaper 115, CASEpaper 119, CASEreport 21, CASEreport 25, CASEreport 32, CASEreport 34