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Data on democracy, accountability, corruption

The following website has a good roadmap of the available data (Centre for Political Science, Harvard) -

    Other sources are:
  • “World Data”, a World Bank data base, with a number of disparate variables.
  • Polity database, “Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-1999” (
  • Democracy Country Ratings (Gastil index of Democracy), with wide coverage of countries, from It is broken down in: political rights, civil liberties, and freedom status, 1972-2000
  • “Database of Political Institutions”, Beck et al: it has a variety of data for a large number of countries, 1975-1997. It includes more than 100 variables regarding the chief party in power, major opposition parties, legislature, checks and balances, electoral rules, federalism.
  • ICRG data: data on corruption with the following variables: Socioeconomic Conditions, Investment Profile, Government Stability, Rescaled External, Conflict Risk (0-10), Corruption [0,6], Military in Politics, Religion in politics, Law and Order Tradition, Ethnic Tensions, Democratic Accountability, Quality of Bureaucracy. Data for a large number of developed and developing countries, for the years 1984-1999. Monthly and yearly data available. For information on how data are collected, see is the site of the company that collects and sells these data).
  • Corruption Perception Index from Transparency International (

  • The following papers contain useful frameworks and data:
  • Persson, Torsten, Guido Tabellini and Francesco Trebbi, [2001], “Electoral rules and corruption” CEPR Discussion Paper No.2741.
  • Persson, Torsten, Guido Tabellini, “Political Institutions and Policy Outcomes: What are the Stylized Facts?”
    (other papers on this line by Persson and Tabellini and relative datasets available at:
  • Triesman, Daniel, [2000], “The Causes of Corruption: A Cross National Study,” Journal of Public Economics, 76, 399-457.
  • Kaufmann, Daniel, Aart Kray and Pablo Zoido-Lobaton [1999], “Aggregating Governance Indicators”, World Bank Policy Research Department Working Paper No. 2195.
  • La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, [1998], “Law and Finance,” Journal of Political Economy, 106(6), 11113-1150.
  • La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, [1999], “The Quality of Government,” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, 15(3), 222-279.

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