Conditional likelihood ratio test with many weak instruments
Sreevidya Ayyar, Yukitoshi Matsushita and Taisuke Otsu
Published 11 October 2022
This paper extends validity of the conditional likelihood ratio (CLR) test developed by Moreira (2003) to instrumental variable regression models with unknown error variance and many weak instruments. In this setting, we argue that the conventional CLR test with estimated error variance loses exact similarity and is asymptotically invalid. We propose a modified critical value function for the likelihood ratio (LR) statistic with estimated error variance, and prove that this modified test achieves asymptotic validity under many weak instrument asymptotics. Our critical value function is constructed by representing the LR using four statistics, instead of two as in Moreira (2003). A simulation study illustrates the desirable properties of our test.
Paper Number EM624:
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JEL Classification: C12