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IFS/STICERD/UCL Development Work in Progress Seminar

Input Sourcing in Lopsided Low-income Economies

Jonas Hjort (Columbia Business School), joint with Alan Griffith and Yue Yu

Thursday 31 March 2022 13:00 - 14:00

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Unless otherwise specified, in-person seminars are open to the public.

Those unable to join the seminars in-person are welcome to participate via zoom if the event is hybrid.


About this event

Input sourcing is central to the process of economic development. Using transaction-level data on the universe of formal, firm-to-firm and firm-to-foreign country trade in Uganda---a landlocked, low-income country---we first document that the share of inputs originating abroad is almost as high as in rich, open economies, a fact that is contrary to conventional wisdom. Two additional underlying patterns---indirect imports are sourced from few firms, and indirect imports are sourced via short supply chains---motivate a model of input sourcing in a networked economy. Inputs, outputs quantities, and output prices are determined by firms maximizing profits subject to input prices and both a domestic and international sourcing network. Decreases in the cost of imports lead to lower prices for importers' output in the domestic market. We exploit exchange rate shocks and firms' prior import origins---both direct and indirect---to test the model's predictions. When the relative cost of foreign goods decreases, direct importers import more. However, first- and higher-order indirect importers import \textit{less}, instead buying more foreign content domestically. Pass-on price effects appear to ``magnify' network structures that economize on high fixed costs of importing, widening access to foreign content but hindering substitution to direct international trade.

This seminar series is jointly organized by the IFS, STICERD, and UCL.

IFS/STICERD/UCL Development Economics Work In Progress seminars are held on Thursdays in term time at 10:00-14:00, at the IFS, unless specified otherwise.

Seminar organisers: Oriana Bandiera (STICERD, LSE), Imran Rasul (UCL), Britta Augsburg (IFS) and Jonathan Weigel (LSE).

For further information please contact Lubala Chibwe, either by email: l.chibwe@lse.ac.uk.

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