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Paper No' DEDPS 33: | Full paper
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Keywords: Indian industrial relations; Industrial Disputes Act; manufacturing growth; pro-worker regulations; urban poverty; capital and labour.
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This Paper is published under the following series: Development Economics
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Abstract:This paper investigates whether the industrial relations climate in Indian States has affected the pattern of manufacturing growth in the period 1958-92. We show that pro-worker amendments to the Industrial Disputes Act are associated with lowered investment, employment, productivity and output in registered manufacturing. Regulating in a pro-worker direction is also associated with increases in urban poverty. This suggests that attempts to redress the balance of power between capital and labour can end up hurting the poor.
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