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After over 18 years in the role, John Hills will be stepping-down as Director of CASE from mid-September, reflecting the increasing demands on his time as Co-Director of the recently established LSE International Inequalities Institute.
Tania Burchardt, currently Deputy Director will become Director of CASE. Tania will be supported by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart and Polly Vizard as Associate Directors, while Anne Power will continue to direct the LSE Housing and Communities Group.
CASE colleagues are delighted that John will continue to be involved in an advisory function as Chair of CASE and through continuing research as part of the centre.
News Posted: 08 July 2016 [Back to the Top]
Over the last year or so we have been conducting three major evidence reviews for the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. We were given the opportunity to present findings to the EU’s Social Protection Committee, the European Social Policy Network and at a half-day seminar at the European Commission. We are pleased to inform you that these evidence reviews have just been published by the Commission and are free to download.
by Abigail McKnight, Magali Duque and Mark Rucci
The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of education, wage setting institutions and welfare states in reducing inequality. Education both empowers people and provides them with tradeable skills to secure a decent income – greater equality in individuals’ ability to generate income in the labour market is key to producing more equitable outcomes.
Evidence shows that imbalances in power result in some workers being underpaid while others are overpaid. Collective wage bargaining and minimum wages have proved to be successful in reducing wage inequality.
Curbs on the power of top executives, power which has allowed them to take an increasing share of the wagebill to the detriment of other workers and form a politically powerful elite, need further development.
Welfare states need to evolve to meet the challenges of ‘new inequalities’ and changing employment landscapes, but are essential now and will continue to be essential in the future to help individuals redistribute income over their own lives as well as between the rich and poor.
by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart, Sam Mohun Himmelweit and Marco Palillo
highlights the benefits of preventing individuals entering low paid work as they
can become trapped in low paid jobs or end up cycle between unemployment and
precarious, low quality work. In countries
where collective wage bargaining institutions
or even disappeared in the latter part of the 20th Century,
governments have been forced to piece together
a number of policies
to replace the role they played in creating wage floors and reducing inequality.
Reducing the incidence of low pay also has the benefit of reducing in-work
by Abigail McKnight and Arnaud Vaganay
The integration of the administration of income support claims and public employment services in many countries has had a number of benefits which include cost savings, reinforcement of the link between benefit receipt and the need to find work, and easier access to labour market programmes.
The effectiveness of linking activation with income support receipt depends on the suitability of the activation programme. The review concludes that in the short-term activation programmes that ‘push’ jobseekers into work may appear to be more effective than programmes that invest in the employability of jobseekers.
However, in the longer term there is a greater tendency for jobseekers pushed to take the first available job to cycle between unemployment and precarious forms of employment while programmes that seek to improve the job match and enhance the skills of jobseekers result in better longer term employment outcomes.
News Posted: 01 July 2016 [Back to the Top]
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